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Country Profile: Norway

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Health Advisory
Please Note:  Most of the entry below constitutes a generalized health advisory, which a traveler might find useful, regardless of a particular destination. 

As a supplement, however, the reader will also find below a list of countries flagged with current health notices and alerts issued  by the  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Please note that travel to the following countries, based on these 3 levels of  warnings, is ill-advised, or should be undertaken with the utmost precaution: 

Level 3 (highest level of concern; avoid non-essential travel) --

Guinea - Ebola
Liberia - Ebola
Nepal - Eathquake zone
Sierra Leone - Ebola

Level 2 (intermediate level of concern; use utmost caution during travel) --

Cameroon - Polio
Somalia - Polio
Vanuatu  - Tropical Cyclone zone
Throughout Middle East and Arabia Peninsula - MERS ((Middle East Respiratory Syndrome)

Level 1 (standard level of concern; use practical caution during travel) -

Australia - Ross River disease
Bosnia-Herzegovina - Measles
Brazil - Dengue Fever
Brazil - Malaria
Brazil - Zika 
China -  H7N9  Avian flu
Cuba - Cholera
Egypt - H5N1 Bird flu
Ethiopia - Measles
Germany - Measles
Japan - Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD)
Kyrgyzstan - Measles
Malaysia -Dengue Fever
Mexico - Chikungunya
Mexico - Hepatitis A
Nigeria - Meningitis
Philippines - Measles
Scotland - Mumps
Singapore - Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD)
South Korea - MERS ((Middle East Respiratory Syndrome)
Throughout Caribbean - Chikungunya
Throughout Central America - Chikungunya
Throughout South America - Chikungunya
Throughout Pacific Islands - Chikungunya

For specific information related to these health notices and alerts please see the CDC's listing available at URL:
http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices
 
 
***
 
Health Information for Travelers to Norway
 
The preventive measures you need to take while traveling in Western Europe depend on the areas you visit and the length of time you stay. For most areas of this region, you should observe health precautions similar to those that would apply while traveling in the United States.
 
Travelers' diarrhea, the number one illness in travelers, can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or parasites, which can contaminate food or water. Infections may cause diarrhea and vomiting (E. coli, Salmonella, cholera, and parasites), fever (typhoid fever and toxoplasmosis), or liver damage (hepatitis). Make sure your food and drinking water are safe. (See below.)
 
A certificate of yellow fever vaccination may be required for entry into certain of these countries if you are coming from countries in tropical South America or sub-Saharan Africa. (There is no risk for yellow fever in Western Europe.) For detailed information, see Comprehensive Yellow Fever Vaccination Requirements (<http://www.cdc.gov/travel/yelfever.htm).>
 
Tickborne encephalitis, a viral infection of the central nervous system, occurs chiefly in Central and Western Europe. Travelers are at risk who visit or work in forested areas during the summer months and who consume unpasteurized dairy products. The vaccine for this disease is not available in the United States at this time. To prevent tickborne encephalitis, as well as Lyme disease, travelers should take precautions to prevent tick bites (see below).
 
CDC Recommends the Following Vaccines (as Appropriate for Age):
 
See your doctor at least 4-6 weeks before your trip to allow time for shots to take effect.
 
• Hepatitis A or immune globulin (IG). You are not at increased risk in Northern, Western, and Southern Europe, including the Mediterranean regions of Italy and Greece.
 
• Hepatitis B, if you might be exposed to blood (for example, health-care workers), have sexual contact with the local population, stay longer than 6 months in Southern Europe, or be exposed through medical treatment.
 
• As needed, booster doses for tetanus-diphtheria. Hepatitis B vaccine is now recommended for all infants and for children ages 11-12 years who did not complete the series as infants.
 
All travelers should take the following precautions, no matter the destination:
 
• Wash hands often with soap and water.
 
• Because motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of injury among travelers, walk and drive defensively. Avoid travel at night if possible and always use seat belts.
 
• Always use latex condoms to reduce the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.
 
• Don't eat or drink dairy products unless you know they have been pasteurized.
 
• Don't share needles with anyone.
 
• Never eat undercooked ground beef and poultry, raw eggs, and unpasteurized dairy products. Raw shellfish is particularly dangerous to persons who have liver disease or compromised immune systems. (Travelers to Western Europe should also see the information on Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy ["Mad Cow Disease"] and New Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease [nvCJD] at URL <http://www.cdc.gov/travel/madcow.htm.)>
 
Travelers to rural or undeveloped areas should take the following precautions:
 
To Stay Healthy, Do:
 
• Drink only bottled or boiled water, or carbonated (bubbly) drinks in cans or bottles. Avoid tap water, fountain drinks, and ice cubes. If this is not possible, make water safer by BOTH filtering through an "absolute 1-micron or less" filter AND adding iodine tablets to the filtered water. "Absolute 1-micron filters" are found in camping/outdoor supply stores.
 
• Eat only thoroughly cooked food or fruits and vegetables you have peeled yourself. Remember: boil it, cook it, peel it, or forget it.
 
• Protect yourself from insects by remaining in well-screened areas, using repellents (applied sparingly at 4-hour intervals), and wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants tucked into boots or socks as a deterrent to ticks.
 
• To prevent fungal and parasitic infections, keep feet clean and dry, and do not go barefoot.
 
To Avoid Getting Sick:
 
• Don't eat food purchased from street vendors. Do not drink beverages with ice.
 
• Don't handle animals (especially monkeys, dogs, and cats), to avoid bites and serious diseases (including rabies and plague).
 
What You Need To Bring with You:
 
• Insect repellent containing DEET (diethylmethyltoluamide), in 30%-35% strength for adults and 6%-10% for children. The insecticide permethrin applied to clothing is an effective deterrent to ticks.
 
• Over-the-counter antidiarrheal medicine to take if you have diarrhea.
 
• Iodine tablets and water filters to purify water if bottled water is not available. See Food and Water Precautions and Travelers' Diarrhea Prevention (<http://www.cdc.gov/travel/foodwatr.htm)> and Risks from Food and Drink (<http://www.cdc.gov/travel/food-drink-risks.htm)> for more detailed information about water filters.
 
• Sunblock, sunglasses, hat.
 
• Prescription medications: make sure you have enough to last during your trip, as well as a copy of the prescription(s).
 
After You Return Home:
 
If you become ill after your trip-even as long as a year after you return-tell your doctor where you have traveled.
 
For More Information:
 
Ask your doctor or check the CDC web sites for more information about how to protect yourself against diseases that occur in Western Europe, such as:
 
For information about diseases-
 
Carried by Insects
Lyme disease
 
Carried in Food or Water
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy ("mad cow disease"), Escherichia coli, diarrhea, Hepatitis A, Typhoid Fever
 
Person-to-Person Contact
Hepatitis B, HIV/AIDS
 
For more information about these and other diseases, please check the Diseases (<http://www.cdc.gov/travel/diseases.htm)> section and the Health Topics A-Z (<http://www.cdc.gov/health/diseases.htm).>
 
Note:

Norway is located in the Western Europe health region.

Sources:

The Center for Disease Control Destinations Website: